24hr Emergency Service


Pulp & Paper


  • Limited Downtime
  • Work directly in the ring area
  • Control the amount of material removed
  • No brick damage


A papermill in the eastern United States was experiencing heavy buildup in their rotary lime kiln. Industrial Access Bulk Material  solved the problem by implementing Cardox blasting as a solution. Cardox is the most efficient, reliable and cost-effective method of clearing material buildup and blockages. This approach requires a minimum amount of maintenance and can be performed with minimal interruptions to the production process, making it the best new alternative in the pulp and paper industry.


Only required periodic pauses in rotation—no shutdown or loss of production


Small (4) man crew with Cardox and safety equipment


Takes place outside the structure which eliminates any risks to workers


In rotary kilns, there are multiple types of ring formations that build on different sections of the walls throughout the kiln. The material buildup in the client’s lime kiln was so severe that the papermill was forced into unplanned outages during the year, interrupting plant production, to perform emergency cleanouts. IA Bulk Materials  was contracted to provide the best solution to handle the recurring buildup issue as efficiently as possible, to prevent unplanned outages and keep the plant in production.


IA first mobilized to the site to perform a visual inspection of the kiln to determine the size and location of the buildup in the kiln. Due to the fact that the kiln was still in operation, the team employed infrared technology to visually assess the structure and quantify the location and type of blockage issue. This visual assessment was completed by utilizing a FLIR camera to detect thermal radiation and heat variances in the kiln. This allowed the IABM  team to pinpoint exactly where the buildup was located and to develop a specific approach to remove material buildup. IABM put forth the solution of Cardox blasting. Cardox tubes are filled with liquid carbon dioxide, like a fire extinguisher. When energized by the application of a small electrical charge, the chemical heater instantly converts the liquid CO2 into a gas. The conversion expands the CO2 volume and builds up pressure inside the tube until it causes a disc, located at the end of the tube to burst, which releases CO2 through directional discharge head. This creates a powerful force of pressure, up to 40,000 psi, strong enough to safely blast buildup off the walls in closed structures. This process can dislodge more than 3 tons of buildup in milliseconds.

In order to perform the blockage removal, IA Bulk team developed a plan to halt the rotation of the kiln for 15-20 minutes at a time, which would prevent the kiln from warping. To remove the ring formation buildup, skilled technicians drilled into the kiln in the area notated in the FLIR photos and installed Cardox ports. After the ports were welded into place on the exterior surface, the contractor then inserted the active Cardox tubes into the ports. Since Cardox CO2 systems can be used in high heat applications, there was no need for extended shutdown waiting for the equipment to cool. The fast and efficient process of deploying the tubes and initiating the gas expansion enabled the field crew to clear the buildup at controlled pressures that caused no damage to the refractory lining or weakening of the kiln shell.

BEFORE Cardox Implementation

AFTER Cardox Implementation


The blockage was successfully cleared, which allowed the plant to continue operation until the next scheduled outage. A program of on-going maintenance was submitted in which the blasting procedure would take place quarterly or once the buildup exceeded a specific level on any of the kiln walls. This plan will enable the facility to run from one scheduled shutdown to another without experiencing any forced production stoppages or expensive emergency cleanouts.

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